The project has released OpenBSD 6.2 which features many new drivers, particularly for the ARM architecture, and network packet handling performance improvements. Some key features have been added to the system installer too, including checking for security updates on the system’s first boot: “Installer improvements: The installer now uses the Allotment Routing Table (ART). A unique kernel is now created by the installer to boot from after install/upgrade. On release installs of architectures supported by syspatch, “syspatch -c” is now added to rc.firsttime. Backwards compatibility code to support the ‘rtsol’ keyword in hostname.if(5) has been removed. The install.site and upgrade.site scripts are now executed at the end of the install/upgrade process. More detailed information is shown to identify disks. The IPv6 default router selection has been fixed. On the amd64 platform, AES-NI is used if present.“
Song – Coming in December
Note: OpenBSD is a project released under the BSD 2-Clause license.
This license is recognized as free license, but is not copyleft.
Creating a bootable USB key using a Un*x-like system:
Some older systems may not be able to boot from USB keys or require
changing boot priority. Check your BIOS settings if you run into
First, you will need to obtain a local copy of the bootable filesystem
image miniroot59.fs or install59.fs as described above.
You should use the signify(1) and sha256(1) commands to verify
the integrity of the images with the SHA256.sig file on the mirror site.
Next, use the dd(1) utility to copy the file to the USB storage device.
The command would likely be, under OpenBSD:
dd if=miniroot59.fs of=/dev/rsdNc bs=1m
where N is the device number. You can find the correct device number
by checking dmesg(8) when inserting the media.
If you are using another operating system, you may have to adapt
this to conform to local naming conventions for the USB key and
options suitable for copying to a "raw" disk image. The key
issue is that the device name used for the USB key *must* be one
that refers to the correct block device, not a partition or
compatibility mode, and the copy command needs to be compatible
with the requirement that writes to a raw device must be in
multiples of 512-byte blocks. The variations are endless and
beyond the scope of this document.
If you're doing this on the system you intend to boot the USB key on,
copying the image back to a file and doing a compare or checksum
is a good way to verify that the USB key is readable and free of
Happy OpenBSD 😀
Following several delays during the development cycle, the Mageia project has announced the release of Mageia 6. The new version includes the KDE Plasma 5 desktop environment, the DNF package manager is now available alongside urpmi and Mageia 6 includes live test media for the Xfce desktop environment: “The extra time that has gone into this release has allowed for many exciting additions, here are a few of the major additions and key features of Mageia 6: KDE Plasma 5 replaces the previous KDE SC 4 desktop environment. The new package manager DNF is provided as an alternative to urpmi, enabling a great packaging ecosystem: Support for AppStream and thus GNOME Software and Plasma Discover; support for Fedora COPR and openSUSE Build Service to provide third-party packages for Mageia 6 and later; dnfdragora, a new GUI tool for package management inspired from rpmdrake. Brand new icon theme for all Mageia tools, notably the Mageia Control Center. Successful integration of the ARM port (ARMv5 and ARMv7) in the build system, allowing to setup ARM chroots. Installation images are not available yet but will come in the future. GRUB2 as the default bootloader. New Xfce Live images to test Mageia with a lighter weight environment.“
Dump Mageia ISO on a USB flash drive
dd if=mageia-livecd-1-KDE4-europe1-americas-cdrom-i586.iso of=/dev/sd(x) bs=1M
Mageia 6 ships with kernel 4.9, which is a “long-term maintenance” release, with a currently-projected end-of-life (EOL) in January, 2019.
Happy GNU/Linux 😀
Clement Lefebvre has announced the availability of a new release of Linux Mint. The new version, Linux Mint 18.2, is the latest update in the 18.x series and is built upon a base of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. The new release will be supported until 2021 and is available in four editions (Cinnamon, KDE, MATE and Xfce). Linux Mint 18.2 features improvements to the X-Apps cross-desktop applications with improved short-cuts coming to the Xplayer video player and line sorting coming to the Xed text editor. The login screen is now powered by LightDM running the Slick greeter and includes support for HiDPI. The update manager has been tweaked to help users find their ideal balance between security updates and system stability: “The Update Manager received many improvements. It still has the same mission and tackles the same issues as before (keeping your computer safe, providing bug fixes and protecting you from regressions) but it presents things slightly differently. Policies and level definitions were refined to better filter updates depending on their level of impact on the operating system and without worrying about their origin. Most updates are now level 2. Application updates which do not impact the OS are level 1. Toolkits and desktop environments or libraries which affect multiple applications are level 3. Kernels and sensitive system updates are level 4. Level 5 is extremely rare and not used by default. This level is dedicated to flagging dangerous or broken updates.“
Release Notes to:
The SHA256 sums to check the integrity of the ISO images:
Linux Mint 18.2 with Linux kernel 4.8 and an Ubuntu 16.04 package base.
Linux Mint 18.2 will receive security updates until 2021.
Until 2018, future versions of Linux Mint will use the same package base as Linux Mint 18, making it trivial for people to upgrade.
Until 2018, the development team won’t start working on a new base and will be fully focused on this one.
Happy GNU/Linux 😀
30 December 2016 – Alexander Tratsevskiy has announced the release of Calculate Linux 17, a major update of the project’s Gentoo-based set of distributions designed for desktops (with a choice of KDE Plasma, MATE or Xfce) as well as servers: “We are happy to announce the release of Calculate Linux 17. Main changes: Timeless, a new server flavour, designed for those eager to try the development version of Calculate Utilities; GUI manager – updated appearance, including new own icons; command-line manager – one session for cl-console and cl-console-gui, so that you can switch between them freely; live USB – system startup possible without PulseAudio; numerous revisions in templates – new functions added, support provided for ‘or’ expressions, service launching, package linking, package version downgrade, ldif format; beta versions of the brand new Calculate Linux Desktop Cinnamon and Calculate Linux Desktop LXQt available in ‘nightly’ stages; up to 5000 binary packages are available in the Calculate repository”. Calculate Linux Desktop, featuring either the KDE (CLD), the MATE (CLDM) or the Xfce (CLDX) environment, Calculate Linux Scratch (CLS), Calculate Directory Server (CDS), Calculate Scratch Server (CSS) and Timeless.
100% compatibility with Gentoo
CLD (KDE desktop):
KDE Frameworks 5.29, KDE Plasma 5.8.5, KDE Applications 16.12, LibreOffice 18.104.22.168, Firefox 50.1.0, Gimp 2.8.16, Clementine 1.3.1
i686 - 1.92 G, x86_64 - 2.08 G
CLDM (MATE desktop):
MATE 1.16, LibreOffice 22.214.171.124, Firefox 50.1.0, Claws Mail 3.14.1, Gimp 2.8.16, Clementine 1.3.1
i686 - 1.53 G, x86_64 - 1.69 G
CLDX (Xfce desktop):
Xfce 4.12, LibreOffice 126.96.36.199, Firefox 50.1.0, Claws Mail 3.14.1, Gimp 2.8.16, Clementine 1.3.1
i686 - 1.44 G, x86_64 - 1.61 G
CDS (Directory Server):
OpenLDAP 2.4.43, Samba 4.2.14, Postfix 3.1.2, ProFTPD 1.3.5b, Bind 9.10.3
i686 - 644 M, x86_64 - 669 M
CLS (Linux Scratch):
Xorg-server 1.18.4, Kernel 4.4.9
i686 - 724 M, x86_64 - 823 M
CSS (Scratch Server):
Kernel 4.4.39, Calculate Utilities 188.8.131.52
i686 - 445 M, x86_64 - 471 M
Timeless (New server):
OpenLDAP 2.4.43, Calculate Utilities 184.108.40.206
i686 - 467 M, x86_64 - 493 M
To update from Calculate Linux old versions, either:
- put the new iso file in
/var/calculate/linux, then run
Happy GNU/Linux 😀